Most people believe heart disease will affect "someone else." Despite this common belief, heart disease is the number one killer in the U.S and a major cause of disability. Heart disease comes in many forms, most frequently through narrowing or blockage of the coronary arteries. These important blood vessels that supply blood to the heart. This condition is known as coronary artery disease and happens gradually over many years. Coronary artery disease is the cause of most heart attacks.
Heart problems may affect the valves in the heart, or the heart may not pump well and lead to heart failure. Some people are born with heart disease.
To reduce your risk of heart disease, manage the factors that put you at greater risk:
- Control your blood pressure
- Lower your cholesterol
- Don't smoke
- Get enough exercise